Conflict might be defined as contradiction or struggle of interests, values, opinions, ideas and even inner thoughts. We are surrounded by all kinds of conflicts on different levels and in many shapes. Conflict might be natural, social, political, economical, psychological or existential. Most of the time, all kinds of conflicts are resolved with minimum damage, but the subject of struggle might be too acute and sensitive that when suitable tools are not used, a clash might explode and lead to a negative kind of conflict. The issue here is not conflict itself, it is the way we can manage it and turn it into a positive one. In Syria for example, conflict does not only exist between religious or ethnic groups, there are conflicts between urban and rural areas, mountain and desert people, farmers and workers, even those who afford to buy cars and those who does not. This conflict was nurtured and preserved by the Syrian regime. But in a better reality, these differences can be introduced and tackled by different groups, most of the time people limit themselves out of ignorance. By bringing conflicting groups together, we might be able to clear the picture of their nature and rights.
Establishing a balance between the conflicting parties will lead to stability and hence, peace. Peace might be reached through stating a certain contract between the parties that weighs priorities for each. Like conflict, peace comes in various shapes starting from the self and expands to states. A simple definition of peace might be the state of no war or the lack of severe cases of struggle. Food security, welfare and well-being, education, development, freedom and preserving the ecological system are constituent factors for preserving peace. Peace must lead to stability, but it is not a stagnant position, sustainable peace must respond effectively to the transformations take place in a certain entity, a failure to respond to such transformations will threatens stability.
Change is when an entity (being or institution) respond to the variations imposed by time and technology to improve the way of life and meet needs. But this is never easy; some societies spend decades or even centuries to reach this transformational moment. It might be described as a sudden shift in individual and collective awareness. The process of change is a set of reactions that needs to engage key individuals and institutions. Change can be also carried out by aware members in society like activists and civil workers, or organic members as the Italian thinker Antonio Gramsci called them, these members might bring more effective and urge a natural and deep transformation in society.